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Facebook、150億ドルの訴訟に直面

 
Facebook faces US $15 billion lawsuit
original script http://www.rt.com/news/facebook-lawsuit-billion-cookies-649/

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Tracking users after they log out and violating US wiretapping laws – these are the allegations behind a 15-billion-dollar nationwide class-action lawsuit filed against Facebook in California.

class-action:集団訴訟.

The suit, combining 21 cases of alleged privacy violations by the social networking giant, was filed on Friday in the Federal Court in San Jose, Emil Protalinski writes on ZDNet.com. In their consolidated complaint, the plaintiffs claim that Facebook used cookies to track them across the Internet.

combine:〈…を〉結合する; 〈人・力・会社などを〉合併[合同]させる,連合する.
consolidated: 合併整理した,統合された; 固定[強化]した.
plaintiff: 原告,告訴人 (⇔defendant).

And yet, where does the staggering sum of the lawsuit come from? Violation of the Federal Wiretap Act provides suggests compensation of US $100 per day per user for every case of violation, up to a maximum of US $10,000 per user.

staggering:唖然(あぜん)とさせる,驚異的な,びっくりするほどの.
Wiretap:電信[電話]を盗聴する.
compensation: 償い,賠償,代償,埋め合わせ 〔for〕.

The accusations also fall under the Computer Fraud and Abuse act, the Stored Communications Act, as well as various California Statutes and California common law.

accusation:告発,告訴.
fraud:詐欺,欺瞞(ぎまん).
abuse:乱用,悪用,誤用
statute:制定法; 法令,成文法,法規.

“This is not just a damages action, but a groundbreaking digital-privacy rights case that could have wide and significant legal and business implications,” said David Straite, a partner at Stewarts Law. The firm is one of the plaintiffs leading the claim.

groundbreaking:鍬入れ
implication:【不可算名詞】 [具体的には 【可算名詞】] 包含,含蓄; 含み,裏[言外]の意味 〔of〕.

Accusations that Facebook used cookies to track its users even after they log out are countless. However, all such claims have been turned down so far on the grounds that cookies are simply not legally considered to be wiretaps. Proving damage is also a challenge here.

turn down:軽蔑して拒絶する

In September, the Data Protection Commissioner (DPC) in Ireland, where Facebook has its international headquarters, agreed to conduct a privacy audit of the network’s activities. Interestingly enough, and thankfully for Facebook, the three-month audit concluded that the company makes “innovative use of cookies to identify unusual or suspicious activity” on an account.

audit:会計検査,(会社などの)監査.
conclude:〔…から〕〈…だと〉結論を下す,断定する 《★【類語】 ⇒infer》.

As for now, Facebook insists "this complaint is without merit" and prepares to "fight it vigorously" – PCWorld quotes Andrew Noyes, the network's manager of public policy communications.

vigorously:精力的に.
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「堕落したMTVは放送禁止すべき」 アンチ=ゲイの主唱者が主張

 
Author of gay propaganda bill wants MTV shut down

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The initiator of the bill against promoting homosexuality, transgender and pedophilia in St. Petersburg is now calling to shut down MTV, as he believes it corrupting the viewers.
United Russia deputy Vitaliy Milonov believes that MTV has "crossed all boundaries,” Interfax reports.

initiator:創始者; 首唱者.
pedophilia:小児性愛
corrupt:〈人・品性などを〉堕落させる.

“I think that there should be no such channel,” Milonov says.
According to the deputy, most programs broadcast on MTV are vulgar and immoral, and can’t possibly have any positive influence on the channel’s viewers, who are mostly teenagers and people under 35.

vulgar:〈人・態度・言葉など〉俗悪な,野卑な,低級な; 下品な,卑猥(ひわい)な,みだらな (⇔polite).

Milonov also noted that MTV was once his favorite channel, yet it has drastically changed over the years. “They had great music, zany cartoons, not like now,” Milonov complains. He also noted that the problem of low-quality shows on television can be solved if a special Morality Council is introduced to influence the “moral image of media.”

zany:おどけた,ばかばかしい.

MTV has been broadcasting in Russia since 1998, and was mostly dedicated to music. But in the 2000s, when other Russian entertainment media began to drive away MTV’s viewers, the channel’s broadcasting policy changed. The media exceeded the number of entertainment shows related to sex and relationships themes, fashion and beauty.

drive away:追い遣る;追払う;追い払う

Earlier this year St.Petersburg’s Governor Georgy Poltavchenko signed a bill introducing high fines for promoting homosexuality, transgender and pedophilia in the city.

bill:【議会】 議案,法案 《★可決されると bill が act(法令)となる》.
fine:罰金

The bill has already scooped massive criticism from the LGBT community in Russia and from Russian and international human rights organizations.

LGBT=Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transexual

 

イスラエルで経済格差を巡ってデモが発生

 
Thousands of Israelis protest against social inequalities

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A protester speaks slogans into a megaphone during a protest march in East al-Quds (Jerusalem) against the high costs of living and social inequality, Saturday, May 12, 2012.

inequality: 不同,不等,不平等; 不公平.

About 5,000 protesters gathered at central Rabin Square in Tel Aviv on Saturday evening in the largest demonstration held since last summer.

At least nine people were arrested for blocking roads in Tel Aviv.

Similar demonstrations were also held in East al-Quds (Jerusalem), Haifa, Eilat, and other major cities.

Some 1,000 protesters converged in an intersection near Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's official residence in East al-Quds, marched toward his residence and protested in front of the gate of the compound.

converge:一点[共通点]に向かって集まる,集中する (⇔diverge).
compound:囲いをした居留構内,屋敷 《住宅・商館などがある》.

Some of the protesters called for the departure of the premier, accusing Netanyahu of failing to reduce the social gaps.

call for:…を求めて呼ぶ
departure:〔常道・習慣などからの〕離脱,背反 〔from〕.

Last summer, a protest movement swept Israel when hundreds of thousands of people marched and set up protest camps in city centers.

Activists say that the situation has not changed as a result of last year’s rallies.

"I feel frustrated," one of the organizers Amnon Rabinovitz said. "We asked for a lot [last summer] and these things didn’t happen."

 

ロン・ポール「中央銀行は狡猾に破綻している」

 
Our central bankers are intellectually bankrupt
by Ron Paul

ron-paul-the-future1.jpg


intellectually: 知的な方法で

The financial crisis has fully exposed the intellectual bankruptcy of the world’s central bankers.

Why? Central bankers neglect the fact that interest rates are prices. Manipulating those prices through credit expansion or contraction has real and deleterious effects on the economy.

deleterious:有害な; 有毒な.

Yet while socialism and centralised economic planning have largely been rejected by free-market economists, the myth persists that central banks are a necessary component of market economies.

persist: 〈人が〉〔…を〕固執する,やり通す; 主張し続ける 〔in,with〕.

These economists understand that having wages or commodity prices established by government fiat would cause shortages, misallocations of capital and hardship.

wage:賃金,労賃
fiat:1(権威による)命令. 2許可,認可.
misallocation:不適正配分
hardship:難儀,辛苦,困苦,欠乏 《経済的な窮乏,重労働,その他耐えがたいほどの苦しい生活条件など》.

Yet they accept at face value the notion that central banks must determine not only the supply of one particular commodity – money – but also the cost of that commodity via the setting of interest rates.

notion:観念,考え,意見

Printing unlimited amounts of money does not lead to unlimited prosperity. This is readily apparent from observing the Fed’s monetary policy over the past two decades.

prosperity: 繁栄; 成功.
readily:容易に,たやすく.

It has pumped trillions of dollars into the economy, providing money to banks with the hope that this new money will spur lending and, in turn, consumption. These interventions are intended to raise stock prices, lower borrowing costs for companies and individuals, and maintain high housing prices.

pump:〔…に〕注入する
spur:〈人を〉刺激する,激励する.

But like their predecessors in the 1930s, today’s Fed governors behave as if the height of the credit bubble is the status quo to which we need to return. This confuses money with wealth, and reflects the idea that prosperity stems from high asset prices and large amounts of money and credit.

predecessor:前任者; 先輩
status quo:そのままの状態,現状.
stem:生ずる

The push for easy money is not new. Central banking was supposed to have ended the types of periodic financial crises the US experienced throughout the 19th century. Yet US financial panics have only got worse since the centralisation of monetary policy via the creation of the Fed in 1913.

The Depression in the 1930s; the haemorrhaging of gold reserves during the 1960s; the stagflation of the 1970s; the dotcom bubble of the early 2000s; and the current recession all have their root in the Fed’s loose monetary policy.

haemorrhage: 大量に資産を損失する.

Each of these crises began with an inflationary monetary policy that led to bubbles, and the solution to the busts that inevitably followed has always been to reflate the bubble.

reflate:〈通貨などを〉再膨張させる.

This only sows the seeds for the next crisis. Lowering interest rates in an attempt to forestall a recession in the aftermath of the dotcom bubble required massive credit creation that led to the housing bubble, the collapse of which we still have not recovered from today.

sow:〈種子を〉〔…に〕まく.
forestall:〈…に〉先んずる.
aftermath:(戦争・災害などのあとの)状態,余波.

Failing to learn the lesson of the bursting of both the dotcom bubble and the housing bubble, the Fed has pumped trillions of dollars into the economy and has promised to leave interest rates at zero through to at least 2014. This will only ensure that the next crisis will be even more destructive than the current one.

Not content with its failed attempts to prop up the US economy, the Fed has set its sights on bailing out Europe, too. Through currency swaps, it has committed to offering potentially hundreds of billions of US dollars to the European Central Bank and we cannot rule out the possibility of direct intervention.

prop:〈…を〉(倒れないように)支える,〈…に〉つっかい棒をする 〈up〉〔with,by〕.
rule out:〈…を〉除外する, 排する, 無視する.

The Fed’s response to the crisis suggests that it believes the current crisis is a problem of liquidity. In fact it is a problem of poorly allocated investments caused by improper pricing of money and credit, pricing which is distorted by the Fed’s inflationary actions.

allocated:〔…の間で〕配分する 〔among,between,to〕.
improper:(場所・目的などに)ふさわしくない,不適当な.
distort:〈自然の形を〉ゆがめる,ねじる 《★しばしば受身で用い,前置詞は by,with》.


The Fed has made banks and corporations dependent on cheap money. Instead of looking for opportunities to invest in real products that will serve the needs of consumers, Wall Street awaits the minutes of each Federal Open Market Committee meeting with bated breath, hoping that QE3 and QE4 are just around the corner. It is no wonder that long-term investment and business planning are stagnant.

bate:抑制された
stagnant:〈水など〉流れない,よどんでいる; 停滞した.

We live in a world that seems to have abandoned the concept of savings and investment as the source of real wealth and economic growth. Financial markets clamour for more cheap money creation on the part of central banks.

clamour:やかましい要求をする

Hopes of further quantitative easing from the Fed, the Bank of England, or the Bank of Japan – or further longer-term refinancing operations from the ECB – buoy markets, while decisions not to intervene can cause stocks to plummet. Policy makers focus on spurring consumption, while ignoring production. The so-called capitalists have forgotten that capital cannot be created by government fiat.

quantitative:量の,量に関する,量的な (⇔qualitative).
buoy:
plummet:aおもり. b(釣り糸の)おもり.

Control of the world’s economy has been placed in the hands of a banking cartel, which holds great danger for all of us. True prosperity requires sound money, increased productivity, and increased savings and investment. The world is awash in US dollars, and a currency crisis involving the world’s reserve currency would be an unprecedented catastrophe. No amount of monetary expansion can solve our current financial problems, but it can make those problems much worse.

sound:〈身体・精神が〉健全な,正常な.
awash:〈暗礁・沈没船など〉水面とすれすれになって; 水をかぶって.
unprecendented: 先例[前例]のない,空前の,前代未聞の.
 

北朝鮮はサイバー戦争を仕掛けている

 
'North Korea might wage cyber war against South'

untitled.jpg

An analyst says electronic warfare is part of North Korea’s special military action response to South Korea, Press TV reports.

wage:遂行する,維持する,行なう.
electronic welfare:電子戦

"North Korea will not provoke South Korea with nuclear or missile attacks, but by conventional weapons and local provocations ," Kim Jong-dae, editor in chief of the military defense journal Defense 21+, told Press TV.

provoke:〈人・動物を〉怒らせる,いらいらさせる.

“North Korea might provoke South Korea by attacking the navy or islands in the west sea or they could launch a cyber attack to disturb South Korean society.”

He made the comments after South Korea reported malfunctions caused by jamming of satellite signals by North Korea in 252 commercial flights and 122 ships with navigation system.

malfunction:(臓器・機械などの)機能不全,故障.

Cross-border tensions between the two Koreas have peaked in recent years. Pyongyang came under similar suspected electronic attacks by Seoul in March 2011.

come under:当て嵌まる

Meanwhile, South Korea and the US predicted that North Korea would conduct nuclear testing following the failed rocket launch.

In an attempt to discourage any further missile or nuclear testing, the UN Security Council imposed sanctions against three North Korean state firms.

discourage:(不賛成であることを示して)〈人に〉〔…することを〕思いとどまらせる.

Following the expanded UN Sanctions, the five permanent UN Security Council members -- the US, Britain, China, Russia, and France -- issued a joint statement, urging Pyongyang to halt activities that cause security concerns.

North Korea rejected the recent appeal, pointing out that the five countries of the Security Council have stockpiled more nuclear weapons than the rest of the world.

stockpile:〈…を〉(大量に)備蓄する.

プロフィール

speakloud bm

Author:speakloud bm
英語がわかると世界が見える。日本のマスコミが伝えないニュースを英語を学びつつ紹介します。



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